It’s not the best of times for science funding. So, there is enormous pressure when you are planning an expedition to set project goals too high and possibly try to collect too much data.
Would we do that? Of course. The goals of this expedition (in no order of priority) were to:
- Collect snot from a whale with our Parley SnotBot on live TV.
- Work with INTEL to develop an “in the wild” animal identification system and a volumetric’s system that can help us determine the health of a whale in real time.
- Further refine the protocols and tools for collecting snot with a drone.
- Test two new drones for collecting snot, the DJI Inspire 2 and the DJI Mavic Pro.
- Test a new snot collection system we call the Kendall/Graham Funnelator.
- Test EarBot with a new acoustic transmission system and amplifier.
- Test a Zenmuse FLIR camera over whales and try to record blow/body temperature.
- Collect at least 30 robust snot samples to be shared with our collaborators.
- Work with Dr. Baker and Dr. Atkinson’s labs to develop the appropriate collation and preservation protocols so that a variety of analysis can be conducted on the snot.
- Expand the number of species that we have collected snot from to further validate this technique.
- In our case, we had nine and a half days to do this, three of which were with National Geographic, leaving us with six and a half days unencumbered on the water. Of course, we are in Alaska, so you have to count on at least two bad weather days. No pressure! (The next grant I write I am going include a budget for post expedition psychiatric counseling.) Looking back, we probably set the bar too high on this one, but that is another lesson learned.
Considering the above, how did we do? In the best of British understatements, I’d say, “Not bad at all.”
· We collected snot from a humpback whale with the Parley SnotBot on a Live TV show broadcast nationally and internationally – A FIRST.
· Thanks to our collaboration with INTEL, we identified an individual whale from a drone before the drone even made it back to the boat. We also set the stage for real time photogrammetry and volumetrics – A FIRST.
· We collected snot from an orca; we had thought that orca blows would be too small and the drones too big, but we did it (with a small drone) – A FIRST.
· We flew the DJI Zenmuse FLIR camera and attempted (we have to review this data) to record the blow and consequent body temperature of a whale – A FIRST.
· We worked with four different organizations including marine mammal, oceanographic and technology institutions.
· We successfully flew and collected snot using two new (for us) drones the DJI Inspire 2 and a Mavic Pro over whales – A FIRST.
· We flew the EarBot (a drone that lands in the water near the whales and records their vocalizations) for Earth Live but they did not use the segment.
· We tested / flew a new Snot Collection system – we call the Kendall/Graham funnelator
· To date we have used plastic petri dishes to collect Snot. Dr. Atkinson’s lab suggested that there might be an issue with hormones sticking to the plastic, so we flew with glass petri dishes as well as plastic – A FIRST.
· We trained staff and collaborators in over water and over whales, flight launch recovery and operations.
The weather seemed to be fighting us more on this trip than any we have done so far, but we realized that this was actually a benefit to the program, giving us a broader operations perspective. For example; what are the maximum wind conditions to collect snot in, and what is the best way to collect snot in windy conditions? Can we collect snot in the rain (we think so but it was hard to tell because the dishes were always wet). We will have to wait for lab analysis to answer these questions?
Last but not least, Kendall Mashburn from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks informed us that she positively identified hormones in the blue whale blows from our last expedition. She validated progestogen and cortisol and now she is looking to validate the existence of testosterone and aldosterone. These hormones are primary reproductive and stress hormones, so this is great news.
At the end of the day it’s been a really hard-fought data expedition but it has also been one of the most productive, because of this we have learned a lot about our limitations and have realized how much more we still have to understand about this remarkable game-changing technology for whale research.
We are leaving with a long list of upgrades and problems to solve that will make this technology more effective and easier to use. So much credit goes to the incredible Parley SnotBot Alaska team — Andy Rogan, John Graham and Christian Miller; Fred Sharpe and Andy Szabo from the Alaska Whale Foundation; Ted Willke, Bryn Keller and Javier Turek from INTEL; Scott Baker, Shannon Atkinson, Kendall Mashburn and Kelly Cates form the University of Alaska, Fairbanks; and all of the Ocean Alliance home team. Thanks are also due to Alex Tate and all of the Plimsoll Nat Geo production team and the crew of the Glacial Seal. I am very grateful to Amy and Dylan for putting up with a mad man for at least the last two months (maybe longer). Last but not least I want to thank our amazing hosts, Tinker and Gary at the Keex Kwaan Lodge – You guys are the BEST. Thanks also to Patti for the great food. More blogs and incredible Christina Miller photographs to come!
Best Fishes from foggy Alaska.